Prevalensi dan Faktor Risiko Anemia pada Remaja Putri di SMAN I Abiansemal Badung
Background:High prevalence of anemia exists in the developing world where its causes are multi-factorial. One of the most vulnerable populations are adolescent girl. This study aimsto know the prevalence and risk factor of anemia among adolescent girls inAbiansemal High School
Methods:Cross sectional study was conduct with a total of 254 individuals comprising healthy participated. The relevant information was collected with interviews, anthropometric measurementsand Hemoglobin assay. Multivariate Poisson Regression analysis was done to analysis the risk factor.
Results:The prevalence of anemia was found to be71.3% (28.7% normal, 22.8% mild anemia, 47.2% moderate anemia and 1.2% severe anemia). Mean age of the adolescent girls was 15.5 ± 0.66 years. Multivariate analysis showed that the strongest predictors of anemia associated with adolescent girls is eating frequency ≤ 2 times a day (aPR:1.55; 95% CI: 1.32 to 1.81), excessive menstrual bleeding(aPR: 1, 35; 95% CI 1.17 to 1.56), vegetarian diet(aPR: 1.23; 95% CI 1.08 to 1.41) and drinking tea during meals (aPR: 1.17; 95% CI 1.01 to 1.36). However, the level of knowledge, socioeconomic status, and BMI did not contribute significantly in this study
Conclusions: High prevalence of anemia in adolescent girls of Abiansemal High School. Anemia screening should be done regularly and giving iron tablets to adolescent girls.
Keywords: Anemia, Adolescents, Badung
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